Relationship between Resting Heart Rate, Blood Pressure and Pulse Pressure in Adolescents
When doctors interpret a blood pressure reading, should they also consider the heart rate? My pressure is often higher when my heart rate is. Is blood pressure the same thing as heart rate? The American Heart Association explains how heart rate does not determine high blood pressure. Take your cardiac health into your own hands by discovering the difference between heart rate and blood pressure. Learn more about heart.
Does heart rate affect blood pressure? Ask the doctor Does heart rate affect blood pressure?How to check your pulse and heart rate
When doctors interpret a blood pressure reading, should they also consider the heart rate? I am a year-old man and have had high blood pressure under control for more than 40 years.
I frequently monitor my blood pressure at home, resting for five minutes before I take the reading. My blood pressure is often higher when my heart rate is close to its usual resting rate about 50 beats per minute and lower when my heart is beating faster than that.
Can the body's demands that cause higher blood pressure be partially satisfied by a faster heart rate?
Ask the doctor: Does heart rate affect blood pressure?
First, let me congratulate you on monitoring your blood pressure at home. This is a great way for you to take control of your high blood pressure, and a good step toward preventing a stroke. Knowing that your blood pressure at home is under consistent control is more important than getting isolated readings at the doctor's office. You are also resting before taking the reading, and this is important to avoid spuriously high readings that happen when someone rushes around, and then sits down quickly to take a blood pressure reading.
Corroborating our study, Fernandes et al. Even after controlling for different variables in the cited studies, high BP values were associated with high RHR. One reason is that heart rate and SBP and DBP are modulated by the central nervous system through sympathetic activity in the heart and vessels. One possible mechanism is the fact that PP is an indicator of arterial stiffness, which contributes to heart rate changes mediated by increased velocity of the pulse wave from the aorta to the peripheral vessels; in this case, the higher the speed of the anterograde wave, the higher the successive retrograde wave, causing cardiovascular overload.
In a study of over 30, young people, Babba et al.
Adipose tissue releases a variety of substances, including adiponectin, which could contribute to changes in the sympathetic nervous system and decreased parasympathetic nervous system, 21 increasing RHR values.
Therefore, obesity is an important confounding factor to be considered in the analyses. A previous study 16 has found no correlation between total fat mass and cardiovascular variables systolic volume, SBP and RHR in male adolescents, unlike abdominal fat. On the other hand, in female adolescents, the relationships are absolutely inverse, the cardiovascular variables systolic volume, SBP and RHR are directly related to total fat mass and unrelated to waist circumference.
What your heart rate is telling you
Pulse pressure differences in boys and girls were observed by Rosa et al. One possible difference to be considered is the age range of students in the current study yearsmenstruation is a period of intense activity in girls and may alter the autonomic system due to intense hormonal production, 22 leading to differences compared to boys.
The location of body fat could also be related to higher RHR values. This has been clearly observed by Song et al. Regarding practical applications, it should be emphasized that such assessments need to be conducted from the earliest ages, aimed at preventing future cardiovascular diseases.
Oscillometric devices have been used in several studies, 423 and in addition to their ease of use, they typically provide values of BP and heart rate, which could be assessed in the school environment, enabling the early control of those risk factors.
Ask the doctor: Does heart rate affect blood pressure? - Harvard Health
One limitation of this study was its cross-sectional design, which does not allow assessment of the possible cause and effect relationships. Heart rate and BP were evaluated on the same day, which is known to cause overestimation of values. Thus, health promotion activities should be encouraged in young populations, because cardiovascular risk factors interact.
However, inherent characteristics of sex must be considered. Footnotes Author contributions Conception and design of the research, Acquisition of data and Statistical analysis: Christofaro DGD, Casonatto J; Analysis and interpretation of the data, Writing of the manuscript and Critical revision of the manuscript for intellectual content: Potential Conflict of Interest No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Sources of Funding There were no external funding sources for this study. Study Association This study is not associated with any thesis or dissertation work.
Elevated resting heart rate is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease in healthy men and women. Resting heart rate and risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause death: Resting heart rate is associated with blood pressure in male children and adolescents.