United States Senate - Wikipedia
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States. The legislature consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Congress meets in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.. Each senator is elected at-large in their state for a six-year term, with terms. Congress is the legislative, or lawmaking, branch of our national government. The House and Senate meet separately in the same building, The Capitol in. This chart lists those occasions where Congress meets as a single body since After the Capitol moved to Washington in , the Senate Chamber was used.
Beginning with Thomas Jefferson inPresidents sent the Annual Message in writing to be read by House clerks and Senate secretaries respectively. The electoral count has taken place without problems save for the disputed electoral votes challenged in when a special Electoral Commission made up of Representatives, Senators, and Supreme Court Justices reviewed the disputed ballots.
Congress has hosted inaugurations since the first occasion in Inaugurations have always have been formal joint gatherings, and sometimes they also were joint sessions. Inaugurations were Joint Sessions when both houses of Congress were in session, and they processed to the ceremony as part of the business of the day.
In many cases, however, one or both houses were not in session or were in recess at the time of the ceremony. In this table, inaugurations that were not Joint Sessions are listed in the second column.
Those that were Joint Sessions are so identified and described in the third column. While Congress met in Philadelphia from —, it met in Congress Hall.
Senate Meeting Places
Joint gatherings were initially held in the Senate Chamber from to After the Capitol moved to Washington inthe Senate Chamber was used for joint gatherings through In the modern era, the practice of using one-chamber receptions largely disappeared. Office of the Historian: Each house appoints two tellers to count the vote normally one member of each political party.
Relevant portions of the Certificate of Vote are read for each state, in alphabetical order. Members of Congress can object to any state's vote count, provided that the objection is supported by at least one member of each house of Congress.
U.S. Capitol Building
A successful objection will be followed by debate; however, objections to the electoral vote count are rarely raised, although it did occur during the vote count in after the close presidential election between George W.
Vice President Gore, who as Vice President was required to preside over his own Electoral College defeat by five electoral votesdenied the objections, all of which were raised only by several House members and would have favored his candidacy, after no Senators would agree to jointly object.
If there are no objections or all objections are overruled, the presiding officer declares the result of the vote and states who is elected President and Vice President. The Senators then depart from the House Chamber.
U.S. Senate: Senate Meeting Places
State of the Union[ edit ] At some time during the first two months of each session, the President customarily delivers the State of the Union address, a speech in which an assessment is made of the state of the country, and the president's legislative agenda is outlined. The speech is modeled on the Speech from the Thronegiven by the British monarch. There is a major difference, in that the President is the principal author of his own State of the Union address, while the Speech from the Throne is customarily written by the Prime Minister.
The Constitution of the United States requires that the president "shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union," but does not specify whether the information should be given in a speech or a written report. The first two presidents, George Washington and John Adamsdelivered the speech in person before both houses of Congress, but that practice was discontinued by Thomas Jeffersonwho considered it too monarchical and sent written reports instead.
Written reports were standard untilwhen Woodrow Wilson reestablished the practice of personally attending to deliver the speech. Since then, on a number of occasions presidents have presented a written report, usually for medical reasons.
- United States Senate chamber
- Joint Meetings, Joint Sessions, & Inaugurations
- Joint session of the United States Congress
Foreign dignitaries[ edit ] Winston Churchill addresses Congress in Indonesian President Sukarno addresses Congress in Pope Francis addresses Congress in Joint meetings have been held more than a hundred times to enable foreign heads of state or heads of government to address Congress. Leaders of 48 countries have addressed Congress at a joint meeting: France leads the list with nine joint meeting addresses by heads of state or dignitaries.
Other leading countries are: John HowardPrime Minister of Australiahad originally been scheduled to address Congress on September 12,but his address was postponed due to the September 11 terrorist attacks the previous day.
Howard's address was rescheduled for June 12, where he spoke about the attacks he had witnessed 9 months earlier. Howard was acknowledged with a standing ovation and describes the occasion as a "moving moment.
The Pope did not address the joint session as a religious dignitary but as a head of state. Presidential addresses[ edit ] In addition to a State of the Union address, presidents address Congress on specific subjects.
The first such speech was delivered by John Adams on the subject of U.