A Lesson Plan on the Basic Needs of Animals: For Grades
Students learn what animals and plants need to survive, how their habitats support these needs, and how organisms can change their environment. In this adaptations worksheet, students will read 4 different animal adaptation statements and determine how those adaptations help that animal to survive. Teach your students the basic needs of animals, such as food, shelter, water, and how the habitat of the animal would fail to meet the basic needs of the child.
In the middle of the circle, spread out the habitat pictures. Have the students think about names for each of the habitats, encouraging them to pretend they are scientists! They must observe the habitat pictures closely. Record their answers on notecards and ask a few students to place them next to the picture of the connecting habitat. Hold up a picture of an animal. Ask the students if the animal would be able to survive in the habitat.
Have student do a brief think-pair-share to explain their answer.
A Lesson Plan on the Basic Needs of Animals: For Grades 1-2
Allow a few students to share their answers aloud. Record their ideas on the whiteboard. Explain to the students that a good habitat for the animal will help the animal meet its basic needs.
Ask students, "Who remembers what the four basic needs are?
Share why you chose to place the animal there, using the four basic needs to explain your answer. Encourage students to help you place the remaining animals in the correct habitat, using the sentence frame to share their answers aloud. Independent working time Ask students to go back to their seats. Pass out the Animal Habitats Match-Up worksheet, pencils, and coloring utensils.
Explain to the students that they need to draw a line from the habitat to the animal that lives there. Have the students color the animals and habitats when they are finished. Students who need a challenge can complete the Animal Habitats Coloring sheet. Encourage them to use detailed pictures with labels. When they are finished they should be able to finish their matching sheet.
Assessment 5 minutes During teacher modeling and guided practice, pay attention to students who are able to explain the reason for putting an animal on a specific habitat. Make note of students who struggle. Rotate around the classroom during independent work time to help struggling students and ask prompting questions such as: Review and closing 5 minutes Ask students to put away their materials, and gather the students together as a group.
Ask the students to think about the habitats that exist in their community. Call on a few students to share. Ask the students to think about the habitats that do not exist in their community.
A potential question would be: What is the weather like here? Students will recognize the need to maintain clean air and water for animal survival. As they watch, ask them to identify the different animals they see and where those animals live.
Ask students what each animal or habitat has in common with the others. You can extend your lesson by using an animal habitat lesson plan on an another day.
The Needs of Living Things | PBS LearningMedia
Continue the connection by asking who has pets at home. Ask what their pets need to live.
Point out the need for clean air for all animals, including humans, to breathe. Discuss that wild animals can usually find shelter, food, water and air for themselves, but that they sometimes need help when people move into their natural habitats and make changes to them. Discuss how the children could help with the coexistence of animals and people in the same environments not wasting water, not littering, etc.
Learning Activities—Individual Practice and Application Provide students with books or handouts about different animals and their natural habitats. Allow each student to select one animal to read about. After their research, ask students to write a friendly letter during a lesson, to their animal, and invite the animal to visit the student. In the letter, the student should describe how he or she will provide the four basic needs of the animal during the visit. An alternate to this would be to have the student decline an invitation to visit the animal overnight, explaining how the habitat of the animal would fail to meet the basic needs of the child.
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Help students carefully cut an opening in the carton for a bird to enter and to attach a dowel as a perch. Ask students what other materials they could provide to place inside the birdhouse to make it comfortable for local or seasonal bird visitors. Help them to hang the houses near your classroom windows.