Gods of Ancient Egypt: Set (Seth)
Set, also known as Seth and Suetekh, was the Egyptian god of war, Raneb, was the first ruler to link the monarchy of Egypt to the gods by. god current to the time. A chapter is also included on Seth's relationship with foreign gods. On a wider issue some thought will be given as to the significance that. Ancient Egyptian Gods: Set (Seth) the god of the desert, storms and chaos. In the Osirian mythology he was married to Nephthys, but their marriage was not a.
There began another mysterious story in which Isis, the wife of Osiris, somehow managed to gather the pieces of her husband's corpse, and got them embalmed by another Egyptian god Anubis, the son of Nephthys.Egypt's Book of the Dead - Documentary Films
So, Osiris became the first Egyptian mummy, and he ruled the underworld as the judge of the dead. Then, Isis quite miraculously conceived Horus with the corpse of Osiris, or with the pieces of his corpse.
Horus, the son of Osiris grew up to become a natural enemy of Seth. The desire to avenge the murder of his father gave birth to the war between Horus and Set, which was believed to last for about eighty years.
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Ultimately, in the war between Horus and Set, the former emerged victorious. He exiled Set to the desert and became the ruler of both the Upper and Lower Egypt.
From this point, the story became a bit confusing, as some myths concluded that Seth was exiled to the desert for eternity, while others described him as the protector of Ra's barge in the underworld. The foundation of these myths, and the transformation of Set from a god to an embodiment of evil is, however, not very clear.
Initially, he was worshiped in the Upper Egypt. Even after the unification of Egypt, he was shown to be revered by the Egyptians, along with the fertility god Osiris. Many believe that the story may be a reflection of the struggle within Upper Egypt due to the subjugation of the followers of Set by the worshipers of Horus.
So, when Menes, the first dynasty pharaoh, tried to unite both the parts of Egypt, Set's worshipers resisted the believers of Horus. This led to the portrayal of Set as an evil god by the followers of Horus. So, the myth of Set and Osiris may be a reflection of some kind of a religious conflict.
His successor, Khasekhemwygave both Horus and Seth equal prominence in his titulary, reflecting the mythical resolution of the two gods. During the rule of the Hyksos invaders c. During the New Kingdom —c.
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The Ramesside pharaohs —c. Seth also joined AmonRe, and Ptah as the fourth of the principal gods of the cosmos. In mythsSeth was the brother of Osiris. There too his character was troublesome, for he was depicted as bursting out of the womb of his mother, Nutbeing an unfaithful husband to his consort and sister, Nephthysand murdering Osiris, whom he tricked into entering a chest, which he then closed and hurled into the river to be carried out to sea.
This struggle forms the theme of the Ramesside text The Contending of Horus and Seth, which borders on satire, and the later, much more sombre version recorded by Plutarchin which Seth is the embodiment of the Greek demon Typhon.
After the close of the New Kingdom, as Egypt lost its empire and later its independence, and as the cult of Osiris grew in prominence, Seth was gradually ousted from the Egyptian pantheon. In the 1st millennium bce his name and image were effaced from many monuments. He was now identified as a god of the eastern invaders of Egypt, including the Persians.