E. E. Cummings - Wikipedia
E. E. Cummings, Edward Estlin Cummings (October 14, The affair produced a daughter, Nancy, who was born on December 20, In , EE Cummings learned that the daughter he had not seen for 20 But after she married Roosevelt in , when he was on leave, she. This is the first biography of E.E. Cummings in more than 25 years, and On his release, he moved to New York, and began an affair with Elaine Thayer. On December 20, , Elaine gave birth to Cummings's daughter.
Fidelity was alien to her: Cummings had to vie for her favours with a sugar-daddy. InEdward Cummings - who, for his son, had "moved through dooms of love" - was killed in a snowstorm on a level crossing.
Belatedly, Cummings became convinced that "I have never grown up"; unfortunately, this precipitated him into marrying the unhappily promiscuous Anne. Bythe marriage had dissolved. Cummings's third partner, Marian Morehouse, he seems never to have married.
She was a model, actress and photographer, 12 years his junior. Cummings stayed with her for 30 years, until his death in At this point in the book, when Cummings "grows up", settling into pseudo-domesticity and beginning to make his own living from awards and the lecture circuit, I was disconcerted to find that I began to like him less.
The early Cummings is intolerably egotistical, posturing and arrogant, but he is young. His poetry has the captivating freshness of youth.
And much of his more objectionable silliness can be attributed not just to his age, but to the age he lived in - the hectic literary milieu satirised by Wyndham Lewis in Apes of God. But in middle age, the downside of his credo becomes clear. Cummings was always on the side of the individual against the masses. This had a truly admirable side.
Cummings was one of the few anti-authoritarian artists of the age not to fall in thrall to socialist dogma. He sensed instantly, on his first visit to Russia, that collectivism suppressed individuality, and was brave enough to say so. But this championship of the individual was increasingly made at the expense of the "morons", who, he believed, "make up the masses".
E. E. Cummings
The world became chillingly divided in his mind: Intellectual snobbery tilts into something far nastier when Cummings turns his aversion to packs, tribes and nations on to the Jewish race.
His anti-Semitism goes beyond then-average prejudice to rancid bigotry: It has no pride - any more than a snake has legs. Elaine and MacDermot did everything in their power to keep Nancy from her father and to erase his memory from her mind.
Cummings refused, but his efforts to see Nancy were often stymied, and they were made even more difficult when the MacDermots moved to Ireland in Her parents moved from Ireland to France and then to England. About this experience, she wrote: When war broke out inElaine and Frank moved back to Ireland, while Nancy stayed behind to study for the Oxford University entrance examinations.
A Memorial: Nancy T. Andrews, Daughter of E. E. Cummings Michael Webster
After the German bombing began, England was deemed unsafe, so Nancy was flown to Dublin. Perhaps because Scofield Thayer had suffered a severe psychological breakdown inNancy was told a series of lies to keep her from contacting the man she thought was her father. At first she was told he was dead; then she was told he was divorced, and it would be unseemly for her to contact him.Hannah and Her Sisters (4/11) Movie CLIP - A Poem of You (1986) HD
As readers of Cummings realize, the play ends when the Child reunites Santa Claus with the Woman they both love. Nevertheless, the following autumn, Cummings invited Nancy and her husband for tea at Joy Farm.
Nancy remembered their first moments alone together as eerily disturbing. Inin the rare moments when Nancy could get away from the demands of motherhood, she even agreed to have Cummings paint two portraits of her. After the portrait sessions were finished, she decided not to visit Marion and Cummings at Patchin Place anymore.
Kennedy tells the story of what happened next, on what Nancy thought was to be her last visit: Since they were alone now for the first time out of the studio, Nancy could continue her probings about the early days at 3 Washington Square.
In answer to questions, Cummings talked about her Aunt Alexis, who he had once thought was in love with him, and about her aunt Constance, whom he regarded as the finest of the three sisters, and went on to talk about Scofield.
Nancy had found a father at last, but had only begun to discover who he was. She naturally wanted more from him than he was willing or able to give. If she had never thought of him as a father, he had seldom if ever despite his early love acted as a father to her.
Cummings, too, had trouble with this new relation in his life.
A roving assignment from Vanity Fair in allowed Cummings to travel again and to establish his lifelong routine: In he published a collection of drawings and paintings, CIOPW its title an acronym for the materials used: He enjoyed a long and happy third marriage to the photographer Marion Morehouse, with whom he collaborated on Adventures in Valueand in later life divided his time between their apartment in New York and his family's farm in New Hampshire.
His many later books of poetry, from VV and No Thanks to Xaipe and 95 Poemstook his formal experiments and his war on the scientific attitude to new extremes, but showed little substantial development. Cummings's critical reputation has never matched his popularity. His supporters, however, find value not only in its verbal and visual inventiveness but also in its mystical and anarchistic beliefs.
e.e. cummings How I feel about my daughter | Words. | Pinterest | Poetry, Poems and Quotes
The two-volume Complete Poems, ed. Kennedy New York, the standard biography. The Art of His Poetry, by Norman Friedman Baltimore and London, is still among the best critical studies of his poetic techniques. Oxford University Press, Cummings's mother encouraged him from an early age to write verse and to keep a journal.
In his last year of college, he became intensely interested in the new movements in the arts through his association with John Dos Passos, S. Foster Damon, and Scofield Thayer and began to experiment with free verse and to develop as a self-taught cubist painter. The first book appearance of his poems was in Eight Harvard Poets When the United States entered World War I inCummings volunteered for the Norton-Harjes Ambulance Corps, serving in France for five months before he and his friend William Slater Brown were arrested on suspicion of espionage because Brown's letters had expressed pacifist views.
Released from prison after four months, he was sent back to the United States, where he was drafted into the army. After the war Cummings moved to New York, entering his cubist paintings in yearly exhibitions and attaining celebrity for the unusual poems he published in the Dial and other avant-garde magazines in the s.
In college he had followed the Imagist principles for poetry laid down by Ezra Pound: But by Cummings had created his own poetic style. Because he was a painter as well as a poet, he had developed a unique form of literary cubism: Some of his poems had to be seen in their printed arrangement before they could be completely understood. He indulged in free play with punctuation and capitalization.
Lowercase letters were the rule; capitals were used only for special emphasis; punctuation marks were omitted for ambiguous statement; others were introduced for jarring effects. His use of the lowercase letter "i" not only became a well-known means of self-reference in his work, but also reflected a role that he created for himself: The publishing world was not yet ready for some of Cummings's poems about drunks, prostitutes, Salvation Army workers, gangsters, or bums.
Thus, the original version of Cummings's manuscript did not survive the forbidding selectivity of editors, and it eventually emerged as three books: Elaine divorced Cummings within the year, to marry an Irish banker and politician, taking Nancy with her to Ireland and blocking Cummings from seeing his child.
His second marriage, to Anne Barton inalso ended in divorce, in These marital disasters affected Cummings's personality so much that by the s he had changed from a vivacious young celebrant of life to a cynical, hard-hitting critic of American culture. These attitudes are increasingly evident in his volumes of poems Is 5ViVaand No Thanks Cummings's travels in Europe and extended stays in Paris in the s brought him in touch with the Dada and Surrealist movements in the arts, influences that appear in his increasing experiment with language and ventures into irrational modes of expression in his poems.